- Homesickness, especially for those who have never lived away from home or have had a very happy childhood.
- Fears of inadequacy or not fitting in.
- Longing for the strong friendships left behind at home or in high school.
- Getting to know new people, making college friends, and finding an initial niche (someone to go to meals with, someone to hand out with).
- Ending summer romances or maintaining long-distance romantic relationships. Adjustment to living with roommates.
- Learning to take care of daily personal needs without parental direction or support: Organization, laundry, expenses, eating well, health care, adequate sleep, housekeeping, responsible socializing, etc.
- Challenges of managing freedom. Making lifestyle decisions regarding drug and alcohol experimentation, morality, class attendance, and social pressures.
- Learning time management and dealing with the college work load, which is often surprisingly more than that of high school.
- Academic demands increase prior to Fall Break; poor study and time management skills manifest themselves.
- Consequences of poor judgment during early semester may arise (remorse over sexual behavior, notices about academic deficiencies, campus judicial system, etc.)
- Mid-term pressures may weaken one’s immune system: colds, stress-related illnesses arise.
- Some first-year students may experience depression and increased anxiety because adjustment seems to slow.
- For student and their families, Fall Break is often the first trip home from school.
- For first-year students the novelty is wearing off. They may begin to realize that life at college is not the ideal they imagined. Old problems may continue, and new challenges are added.
- Roommate and social tensions may arise prior to vacations.
- Colds, stress-related illnesses increase.
- Most first-year students have an initial group of friends; other experience tension as friendships shift to other groups. Some may question college choice as loneliness and adjustment are still an issue.
- Financial strain because of planned holiday gifts and travel expenses, funds from parents and summer earnings may have begun to run out.
- Winter Break employment search begins.
- Extracurricular time strain: seasonal parties, social service projects, and religious activities divert student energies.
- Pressures increase as final exams approach and papers are due.
- Roommate and social tensions increase as all students are under stress.
- Romantic relationships: deciding how to weather the month-long separation.
- Pre-holiday worries, especially for those who have concerns for family, those who have no home to visit, and for those who prefer not to go home because of family conflicts.
January – February Stressors
- Readjustment to school and again being away from home, security, and friends.
- Seasonal depression and lethargy are at their peak due to weather, daylight savings, lack of outdoor activities, isolation; college has lost its novelty.
- Friends experience loss as some students leave to study abroad.
- Colds, flu, and snow days may interfere with academic performance.
- Social scene picks up; decisions increase regarding drug and alcohol use, morality, and time management.
- Academic pressure may begin to mount because of procrastination, difficulty of coursework, and lack of time. Stress exhaustion or depression may occur.
- Mid-term exams terms and papers are all due at once.
- Roommate and social tensions may increase as all students are stressed.
- Spring Break decisions, money issues, job or peer trip plans must be made.
- Students want and need time to play or catch up academically. Spring Break provides needed relief.
- Determining who to room with and where for the fall semester are of great importance and may cause stress. Roommate tensions may escalate.
- Mid-semester grade deficiency notices are sent out.