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SANS Research Clusters

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SANS Research Facilities

SANS Research Projects

Research Highlights
Publications


Facilities

Animal Science

The Animal Science research facilities are located in Spaulding and Trigg halls, and on the UMES Research and Teaching Farm.

Nutrition and Physiology Laboratories

The Poultry Nutrition and Physiology Laboratories are located in Spaulding Hall. These laboratories are equipped to conduct complete proximate analysis (% crude protein, % moisture, % ether extract, % crude fiber, and % ash) on feedstuffs and/or meat as well as many other analytical procedures. Spaulding Hall also houses the chick laboratory, with 2 Petersime batteries capable of housing young chicks from 0-3 weeks of age.

The laboratory is equipped with High Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assays (ELISA). HPLC is used to determine amino acid composition in feed. ELISA is used to determine very minute levels of anti-bodies in the blood of animals.

Radioligand Assay Laboratory

The Radioligand Assay Laboratory in Trigg Hall is designed to conduct radio-immunoassays and/or radio receptor assays. It is used for preparing and purifying radio-labeled polypeptide ligands, extracting and preparing steroid hormones for assay and receptor protein isolation. Equipment includes Beta and Gamma counter, low speed centrifuge and ultra centrifuge, as well as other support equipment.

Poultry Technology and Management Facility

The Poultry Technology and Management Facility on the UMES Teaching and Research farm supports research that involves determining amino acid requirements, reducing phosphorus excretion, and improving overall performance of broilers. This facility houses a 10,000 broiler grow-out house, which produces approximately 4-5 flocks/year. It also includes a 48-pen research room. Each pen holds 5-7 broilers raised on litter. This room can also accommodate four Petersime grower batteries (12 compartments in each battery) for research trials.

The Swine and Ruminant Facilities

The ruminant facility is housed on the farm. Research conducted there involves parasite resistance in sheep and goats (breeding, alternative dewormers, etc), meat quality/food safety, alternative feed ingredients and increasing reproductive efficiency. The ruminant facility consists of several pastures and buildings, as well as handling equipment for the livestock. Buildings include sustainable facilities such as Hoop structures. Although calves are brought in every year for teaching purposes, the primary animal inhabitants of the ruminant farm are hair sheep and meat goats. Research methods used in the animal-related research include molecular biology techniques (i.e. cloning and sequencing of DNA), measurement of hormones, and applied procedures such as measuring worm egg numbers in feces, feeding different rations and measuring growth rates of the animals.

The Swine facility is also located on the farm. Research conducted there involves growth, reproduction and meat quality. The facility includes a 40-sow, total confinement farrow-to-finish unit which includes a metabolism room with crates adaptable for swine, sheep and goats and other rooms that can accommodate the individual housing and feeding of swine, sheep or goats as necessary for many experiments. All sows are bred using artificial insemination. Pregnant sows are group-housed in a large pen serviced by a computerized sow feeding apparatus. The facility includes a surgery suite, laboratories, offices and a classroom.

The Ruminant facility has pasture and housing that has also been the home to horses, including rescued Standardbreds, Nurse Mare foals (as yearlings) and PMU foals (as yearlings) among others. However, all equine research has been conducted at other institutions in collaboration with UMES.


Nutrition and Food Science

The Nutrition and Food Science facilities are comprised of the Nutritional Biochemistry, the Microbiology, and the Physical Analysis laboratories. These facilities are within the School of Agriculture and Natural Sciences in The Center for Food Science and Technology.

The Nutritional Biochemistry Laboratory

The Nutritional Biochemistry laboratory is used for nutrient analysis, particularly protein, fiber, minerals, and oil/fat. It is equipped for research in lipid (fat) metabolism, specifically blood cholesterol, triglycerides, and lipoproteins. Through its research operations, the Nutritional Biochemistry Laboratory is used to determine chemical elements and nutrient compounds in food and their reaction within biological systems. It also used in assessing the bioavailability of nutrients in food. Equipment includes a Fat Extractor and Protein Digester. The Fat Extractor is used to determine the amount of oil contained in a food sample. Determining the amount of oil helps researchers make decisions concerning diets for both humans and animals. The Protein Digester determines the amount of protein, fat, moisture, and mineral in a sample. It takes the sample through the processes of digestion, distillation, and titration to determine the nitrogen content. The Food Science / Microbiology Laboratory

The Food Science / Microbiology Laboratory

In part, the Microbiology Laboratory is used for conducting research on food-borne, pathogenic microorganisms such as salmonella and campylobacter. The laboratory is equipped with Auto Plate 4000 and CO2 Incubator. The Auto Plate 4000 is a microprocessor-controlled dispenser used for bacterial numeration, anti-microbial susceptibility testing, and mutafenicity assays. It deposits a liquid sample in a spiral pattern onto the surface of a rotating agar plate creating a three-log dilution effect. The CO2 Incubator is used to incubate micro-aerophilic (<5% O2, 10% CO2, 85% N2) micro-organisms such as campylobacter.



The Physical Analysis Laboratory

The Physical Analysis Laboratory is used to study physical properties of food such as texture and structure. The laboratory is equipped with Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Microtome, and Texture Analyzer. The TEM JEOL – 100 IIX is an instrument that uses a beam of highly energetic electrons to examine objects on a very fine scale. The Microtome NOVA is used for ultra-thin sectioning of samples. The Texture Analyzer TA-XT2 quantifies the texture of foods. It also measures a variety of textural parameters such as hardness, adhesiveness, and spreadability. The Texture Analyzer is used in conjunction with "Texture Expert," a software application that acquires, displays, and analyzes data.



Plant and Soil Science

The Plant and Soil Science Research Laboratories are principally located in the Crop and Aquaculture Building (CAB) on the Research and Teaching farm, and in Trigg Hall (the main Agricultural Science Building) on the campus of University of Maryland Eastern Shore. The CAB is used for research in plant breeding and genetics, host-plant resistance and plant pathology, nutrient management, and microbiology. Its facilities include several greenhouses, fully equipped diagnostic laboratory for water quality. The newest greenhouse is 2.5 acres under glass and was designed as a public/private enterprise with one bay specifically designed for research conducted by plant and soil science faculty.




The CAB houses a state-of-the-art Geographic Information System (GIS) Laboratory. The GIS laboratory is a university-wide facility that provides GIS research, services, training, and outreach with the community. Equipment in the laboratory includes plotter, Digitizer and Global Positional System units.

Microbiology Laboratory and Center for Plant and Microbial Biotechnology

Basic research microbiology takes place in the Microbiology Laboratory and The Center for Plant and Microbial Biotechnology in Trigg Hall. These two facilities are equipped with state-of-the-art equipment including PCR, electrophoresis equipment, and an electron microscope.




Protective Clothing

Protective Clothing Textiles Teaching / Research facilities housed in the Richard A. Henson Center are used to conduct research on protective clothing for pesticide applicators. The facilities are comprised of an environmental control room, a research laboratory and a storage/ laundry room.

Environmental Control Room

This laboratory is environmentally controlled to maintain standard temperature and humidity conditions required to measure physical properties of textile materials. The laboratory is equipped with an Instron 4201 tensile strength tester, Elmendorf tearing strength tester, flat and flex abrasion testers, air permeability tester, fabric thickness tester,Mettlerbalancesas well as instruments to measure color and wrinkle recovery properties. The temperature and humidity settings are changed to simulate hot and humid conditions to measure moisture vapor transmission properties of protective clothing materials.

Textile Research Laboratory

This laboratory, equipped with two fume hoods, is used to conduct tests such as contamination of textile materials with pesticide and the extraction of pesticide. The laboratory houses the Xenon-arc weather-o-meter, launder-o-meter, orbital shaker, flammability testers. The storage/laundry room houses the rain tester, Impact penetration tester, and the washer and dryer.
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Research Highlights


Experimental Quality
» Characterizing Certain Grass Plants and Forage Soy
» Development of a Dry Poultry Litter Incorporation
» Diverse Grass Species as Potential Sources
» Dry Poultry Litter Incorporation Into No Till Soil
» Enhancing Cowpea Production in Delmarva Region
» Integrating Specialty Crops in Organic Culture
» Watershed Level Examination of Urea Use

Human Health and Safety

» Head Start, Jump Start on Healthy Lifestyle Progra
» NC170, Personal Protective Technologies for Current
» Pathogen Testing Metrics for Gaps in Delmarva Leaf
» Reducing the Incidence of Childhood Obesity

Teaching Grant

» Building Capacity in Family and Consumer Sciences
» Building Curriculum and Experiential Learning
» Collaboration with Secondary Education to Enhance
» Enhancing New Fashion Merchandising Faculty Expert
» Enhancing Undergraduate Research and Experiential
» Globalizing the Fashion Curriculum at 1890
» Identification and Characterization of Biological
» Increasing Capacity to Attract, Retain, and
» Strengthening the International Capacity of UMES

Sustainable Agriculture

» Biofuels, Sustainability, and Geospatial Informati
» Development and Implementation of a Multimicrobial
» Environmentally Conscious Precision Agriculture
» Impact of Possible Natural Anthelmintics on Meat Q

Food Science

» Enhancing Utilization of Watermelon as Juice and
» Evaluation of Practical Post-Harvest Mitigation
» Food Safety Risks for Leafy Greens and Tomatoes
» Molecular Characterization and Predictive Modeling







Publications

Environmental Quality

» Control of Ammonia in Poultry Litter
» Precision Agriculture
» Submerged Aquatic Vegetation
» Water Quality and Nutrient Management

Human Health and Safety

» Protective Clothing for Pesticide Applicators
» Drinking Water Quality


Food Science

» Product Development, Sea Vegetables
» Food Processing
» Food Safety, Poultry
» Food Safety, Seafood





Sustainable Agriculture

» Crop Science
» Goats and Sheep

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The University of Maryland Eastern Shore was founded in 1886 as the Delaware Conference Academy. Since that time, it has grown into what is now a sprawling 1,100 acre campus tucked into Marylandís beautiful lower Eastern Shore. Our tradition is that of a land-grant, historically black college that welcomes a diverse student body from nearly 30 countries. UMES currently offers undergraduate degrees in 26 disciplines and graduate degrees in nearly a dozen more. The university provides our students an opportunity to develop into well-rounded individuals prepared to assume leadership in todayís society.
       


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